Caring For Your New Succulent
CARING FOR YOUR NEW SUCCULENT
Succulents are the most popular indoor plant that comes in ranges of sizes, shapes, and colors. Some types include cacti, aloe, a few orchids, air plants, and more. Succulents have fleshy leaves that hold enough moisture and are found in desert areas around the world.
Despite the reputation of succulents needing little care, there are things to follow when wanting the plant to be happy and healthy.
Succulents do not have a preference on the type of pot they would like to grow in. They will do just fine on either clay or plastic. Keep in mind, the watering depends on the type of pot that’ll be used. It’s highly recommended to allow the plant to have good drainage.
Potting mixes for succulents can be found in stores. Using sharp sand, gravel, small pieces of wood, and other small rocks are great for potting mixes. This will also make the plant look decorative! When repotting, make sure to keep the soil level within the same depth of the plant. It is recommended to change soil every year or change pots in order to keep the succulent healthy and fresh. Gently tap the pot after inverting to loosen up the soil and roots. Clean the old soil around the roots area without damaging the roots and safely plant into the newest pot.
Succulents can withstand direct sunlight, but it is important to consider that plants will receive some damage during the harsh summer days. Succulents can manage morning light, afternoon light (when protected), be placed near a windowsill, or bright spots inside of a home. Some succulents can and will receive sunburns, which appear as brown patches when being too exposed to the sunlight or appear off color.
When not exposed to the right amount of light, the plant will begin to reach for a better light source and will look off balanced. Carefully and slowly place the pot in a better spot.
Although succulents do like to be outdoors during the summer, they prefer temperatures between 70ºF and 85ºF, and 50ºF and 55ºF during the nighttime. Succulents can be cold-tolerant, but they should not be exposed to below freezing temperatures. The plant’s soil should always be kept dry as well.
Succulents are in the best shape when kept in dry areas. When there is too much humidity it can lead up to the plant having fungal problems, pest issues, and often die. It’s best to keep monitoring the plant when possible.
Good air movement will prevent fungus from forming. A fan is recommended when stepping away from home for long periods of time. Wet soil and humidity is a bad combination and won’t allow the plant to dry completely and quickly.
In a greenhouse, it is important to have air movement 24 hours a day, simply because the relative humidity increases with night temperature. Due to the area and size, air movement is essential.
Use 8-8-8 or 10-10-10 fertilizer at 1/4 the recommended strength for watering during the growing season (between Spring and Fall).
Although succulents can tolerate dry conditions, it is best to water for a better plant growth. Water to dampen the soil when it begins to dry. Overwatering and letting them sit in a saucer of water can lead the plant to rot.
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